Jobs at Core of 2010 Home Sales

Several factors give reason to believe that the job market is moving in the right direction.

March 1, 2010

The extension and expansion of the home buyer tax credit can be counted on to help home sales throughout the first half of this year, but how will markets fare after the credit expires on April 30 (with deals having until June 30 to close)?

The health of housing for the second half of the year is dependent on jobs, and on this point the picture is mixed. Although we expect GDP growth of about 3 percent this year, job growth will lag and we could see unemployment worsen to about 10.5 percent in the second quarter before it improves.

Employment has always lagged economic growth, and for commonsense reasons. Among other factors, companies tend to hold off on hiring even as business rises until they see growth is sustainable.

However, several factors give reason to believe that the job market is moving in the right direction:

  •  Temporary employment is up. We’ve seen several months of increasing demand for temporary workers, signaling future permanent gains.
  • 2010 is a census year. This once-a-decade event is a big job generator in its own right. The government can be expected to hire a million people to help it count U.S. households. These temp jobs will serve as a bridge while the economy strengthens and companies ramp up hiring.
  • Some key sectors are already adding jobs. The professional business service sector—which encompasses accounting, management consulting, and law—got hammered in the recession, but it added 50,000 jobs in December. That’s positive news for commercial markets. Meanwhile, jobs in health care service and education remain strong.

Although many pieces must fit together for real estate to gain after the tax credit expires, we can say the most important underpinning of economic health—jobs—is showing encouraging signs.

Lawrence Yun
Chief Economist and Senior Vice President of Research at the National Association of REALTORS®

Yun oversees and is responsible for a wide range of research activity for the association including NAR’s Existing Home Sales statistics, Affordability Index, and Home Buyers and Sellers Profile Report. He regularly provides commentary on real estate market trends for its 1.3 million REALTOR® members.

Dr. Yun creates NAR’s forecasts and participates in many economic forecasting panels, among them the Blue Chip Council and the Wall Street Journal Forecasting Survey. He also participates in the Industrial Economists Discussion Group at the Joint Center for Housing Studies of Harvard University. He appears regularly on financial news outlets, is a frequent speaker at real estate conferences throughout the United States, and has testified before Congress. Dr. Yun has appeared as a guest on CSPAN’s Washington Journal and is a regular guest columnist on the Forbes website and The Hill, an “inside the beltway” publication on public affairs.

Dr. Yun received his undergraduate degree from Purdue University and earned his Ph.D. from the University of Maryland at College Park.